Research and development of the best available technologies for heating
Leader of the research programme: Prof. Ing. Pavel Noskievič, CSc.
The objective of this activity is, in the form of the construction of a research base, to help the producers of this equipment with their innovation, for the fulfilment of the tightened requirements for pollution sources which combust solid fuel, in particular biomass.
The built research base will enable producers to gain a detailed understanding of the nature of the combustion process and the whole combustion facility as one unit with the chimney and the heating system. The search and description of individual parameters will enable to discover areas with potential and innovation. Product innovation will be given to most primary measure for reducing environmental impact, but will also examine the scope for secondary measures. Mutual cooperation of employees from the centre and research employees of producers during the innovation of new modern products enables immediate application in the production. Increased attention will be paid to innovation possibilities in the area of the decrease in the emissions of fine dust PM10 and PM2.5 produced during the combustion of solid fuel, in particular biomass.
Another aim of this activity would suggest a methodology for determining emission factors of pollutants. Will be validation methodologies currently in use and then proposed their innovation. The aim is to increase the credibility of the data obtained.
We will cerate a professional information platform which can be used by all producers of combustion facilities, revision technicians, as well as chimney sweeps.
Gasification of biomass for cogeneration and production of liquid biomass of the 2nd generation
Leader of the research programme: Ing. Karel Borovec, Ph.D..
The main objective is to offer producers the possibility of research and innovations of part of their gasification and consequent technologies by means of experimental research and testing equipment at a top technological level.
The technical contribution of this activity will clarify the scope of qualitative conditions meet the composition of gas produced from biomass for energy use in various applications (turbine, fuel cell, liquid biomass), offering a higher efficiency of thermo-chemical conversion and better operating properties, including liquid biofuels production processes 2nd generation.
Safety of fuel and technologies
Leader of the research program: Prof. RNDr. Pavel Danihelka, CSc.
The main objective of the activity is the creation of research capacity which in direct relation with other activities will be able to identify and resolve problems related to the safety of production, storage, transport and the use of fuels, including non-traditional fuel, combined or prepared from waste or renewable sources. The activity will be directed either to the behavior of the fuel (fire-safety characteristics, physical and biological risk, etc.), as well as to the process of transformation and use (risk of semi-products and combustion products, process safety during production of energy and others). The potential of the activity will be directed with priority to the energy sector, however, it will also be available for other industrial sectors working with hazardous substances, e.g. chemical industry and metallurgical industry.
During the solution the emphasis will be on newly appearing risks; e.g. risks originated in hydrogen technologies, during the transformation and use of biofuels, during the combustion of various materials, energy use of wastes, etc.; then to risks occurring more often (transport and storage of fuel, small energy sources, etc.); and risks of important character classified into the category of serious accidents which exceed by their impact the values mentioned in Act No. 59/2006 Sb.
Innovations will include both technical and organizational solutions.